As of February 6, 2016, Canadians have the right to take control of their own deaths by asking a physician to give them medication to end life.
Bill C-14 became law on June 17, 2016.
1. At least 18 years old and competent
2. Has a grievous and irremediable medical condition.
3. Voluntary request is required
4. Informed consent is required
5. Is eligible for publicly funded health care services in Canada
6. Patients in whom mental illness is the sole condition are NOT eligible
7. A natural death is expected in the foreseeable future
Medical assistance in dying requirements:
1. Medical opinion provided confirming patient meets all criteria
2. Requirement for a second independent medical opinion
3. Request in writing before two independent witnesses
4. Right to withdraw the request at any time
5. 10 day waiting period, unless death or loss of capacity is imminent
6. Consent must be confirmed immediately before medical assistance in dying is provided
7. Advance consent is not acceptable
We also must follow the standards of the College of Physicians and Surgeons of BC.
The College rules include:
The physician or nurse practitioner who prescribes and administers the drugs must stay with the patient until he or she dies.
The physician must use pre-printed prescription forms and pick up the medications directly from the pharmacist.